As the season turns colder, the food gets heartier and naturally, visions of desserts dance in our heads. The sweet flavour is one of the essential five flavours, along-side salty, sour, bitter and spicy. It stimulates appetite and digestion, which makes it an important part of everybody’s diet. There is a dark side to everything however - and in excess, sugary foods can cause blood sugar imbalance, fatigue, digestive disturbance, and depressed immunity. So when better nutrition, health improvement or weight-loss are the goals, it seems this poor, misunderstood flavour gets sworn off. You say to yourself,
“I’ll never eat dessert again!” Or … “I just won’t buy any, and if it’s not in front of me I won’t eat it.” Or… “I can enjoy my food some other year.”
The abstinence lasts for a certain period of time, until one day some unfortunate, neglected taste-buds band together and refuse to be ignored any longer. They’re a powerful bunch, so let’s imagine for a moment taking the route of diplomacy; what kind of sweet balance would you strike?
Firstly, welcome sweet into your meals but don’t let it perform solo and take over. Always combine the sweet flavour with fibre, protein, and/or fat, to keep blood sugar from sky-rocketing. This is how the sweet flavour appears in nature: always in a matrix with lots of fibre, complex carbohydrates, and minerals. Only human beings extract it to get pure sugar and this has not helped our health. On the bright side, only human beings cook, which means we can combine sweetness with foods high in protein and healthy fat – for a most delicious outcome.
Doing dessert well is all about proportions. If we salted or spiced our meals as much as Nestle sugars a bar, we’d be spitting out our food. Sweeteners can be embraced in small amounts, just enough for a pleasant flavour. As your food gets less sugary, you will become more sensitive and appreciate a subtle dessert more. Portion size matters just as much, so keep desserts to a few bites rather than a plate full.
Timing is as important as dose. It is best not to eat raw fruit after a heavy meal. Raw fruit digests quickly, so it’s best to eat on an empty stomach, as part of a light snack or before a meal. However, a sweet carbohydrate treat is best eaten with protein and fat that keeps blood sugar stable. For example, a dried fruit on its own will raise blood sugar higher than a dried fruit eaten with almonds or walnuts. In fact, one of the best places for sweet food is in the main course, as a sauce, dressing or marinade. Including some sweetness in meals helps keep sweetened dessert down to a frequency of once or twice a week, which is where it belongs.
With all the warnings we have gotten used to receiving about cholesterol in the last few decades, do you ever stop and wonder what cholesterol really does? Elevated “bad cholesterol” is one of many risk factors for heart disease IN MEN, but cholesterol is also an essential building block for hormones such as cortisol, estrogen, and testosterone and for bile produced by the liver. I often wonder why people aren’t getting to know more about this miracle molecule! The media’s focus is commonly on the impact of diet, but a host of other factors contribute to high levels of cholesterol. Check these out, and note that LDL cholesterol is what we don’t want elevated – it’s “bad,” while HDL is “good.”
A sedentary lifestyle can contribute to high cholesterol levels. Endurance exercise of moderate intensity has been shown to decrease LDL and to raise HDL - which protects against heart disease - whether or not the exercise reduces body fat. However, moderation is important even when it comes to exercise. Strenuous, long-duration exercise, such as running in a marathon, has actually increased LDL in study participants.
While everybody experiences stress, those who are more affected by stress experience a greater increase in cholesterol over time. A stressful event triggers the production of hormones that cause the liver to produce cholesterol, which helps repair damaged cells. When stress is chronic, cholesterol can become excessively elevated, contributing to heart disease. For those who tend towards a state of distress, relaxing practices such as deep breathing can prevent high cholesterol by modulating stress. It is also important to find ways to express and process emotions to keep stress low.
Sleeping sufficiently is important for healthy cholesterol levels. Research on teenagers has shown that the less people slept during their teenage years, the higher their chance was of developing high cholesterol later in life. Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea are associated with high cholesterol as well as with high blood sugar and obesity. Adults who sleep less than 6 hours have higher levels of LDL and low HDL cholesterol.
Hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid does not produce enough thyroid hormone, causes high levels of bad cholesterol. Even a mildly underactive thyroid lowers the level of HDL and increases LDL. Hormonal changes in women after menopause can also raise LDL cholesterol as estrogen levels decrease. Meanwhile, the protective HDL decreases with menopause. Getting the support you need for balanced hormonal health is a crucial piece in the puzzle of cholesterol and long-term health.
Making vegetables and fruits half of every meal you eat is sure to keep the chances of balanced cholesterol and more importantly, vibrant health, high! The fibre in your veggies carries cholesterol out of the body, while the amazingly complex array of nutrients keeps blood vessels, hormones, muscles and mind in balance.
Remember, if the body is out of balance, it will manufacture its own excess cholesterol in the liver. Don’t make the mistake of excluding cholesterol-containing foods from your diet – we need what these foods have to give.
Erem, C. (2006). Blood coagulation, fibrinolytic activity and lipid profile in subclinical thyroid disease: subclinical hypothyroidism increases plasma factor X activity. Clinical Endocrinology 64(3): 323-329.
Gangwisch JE, Malaspina D, Babiss LA, Opler MG, Posner K, Shen S, Turner JB, Zammit GK, Ginsberg HN (2010). Short sleep duration as a risk factor for hypercholesterolemia: Analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. SLEEP 33(7): 956-961.
Halverstadt A, Phares DA, Wilund KR, Goldberg AP, Hagberg JM (2007). Endurance exercise training raises high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and lowers small low-density lipoprotein and very-low density lipoprotein independent of body fat phenotypes in older men and women. Metabolism 56(4): 444-450.
Kaneita Y, Uchiyama M, Yoshiike N, Ohida T (2008). Associations of usual sleep duration with serum lipid and lipoprotein levels. SLEEP 31(5): 645-652.
Li Z, McNamara JR, Fruchart JC, Luc G, Bard JM, Ordovas JM, Wilson PW, Schaefer EJ (1996). Effects of gender and menopausal status on plasma lipoprotein subspecies and particle sizes. Journal of Lipid Research 37(9): 1886-1896.
Panaree B, Chantana M, Wasana S, Chairat N (2010). Effects of obstructive sleep apnea on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein, cortisol and lipid levels. Sleep Breath [Epub ahead of print]. PMID = 20865453
Sanchez-Quesada JL, Homs-Serradesanferm R, Serrat-Serrat J, Serra-Grima JR, Gonzales-Sastre F, Ordonez-Llanos J (1995). Increase of LDL susceptibility to oxidation occurring after intense, long duration aerobic exercise. Atherosclerosis 18(2): 297-305.
Stoney CM, Bausserman L, Niaura R, Marcus B, Flynn M (1999). Lipid reactivity to stress: II. Biological and behavioral influences. Health Psychology 18(3): 251-261.
A large study recently found that men who skipped breakfast had a 27% higher chance of having a heart attack or dying from heart disease. This was independent of other risk factors like smoking and exercise. Check out the study, tell your friends and family, and try out this delicious egg scramble for breakfast. Emphasizing protein in your breakfast helps you maintain a state of vitality and calmness throughout the day.
Delicious Egg Scramble
1 tbsp yogurt or kefir
5 washed & chopped spinach leaves
1/3 clove garlic, minced
A pinch of ground nutmeg
A pinch of sea salt
½ teaspoon organic butter
Whisk all ingredients except butter together in a bowl. Heat fry-pan to medium heat, then melt butter on it. Add the egg mixture and keep scrambling with a fork until cooked, about 8 minutes or less.
Enjoy with veggies - a salad or cooked veggies, depending on your digestion and needs!